About Ophthalmology Department

Established in 1998, the Department of Ophthalmology at Shalamar Hospital provides diagnostic and treatment services to people suffering from a range of ocular disorders to prevent blindness and restore visual function.
We strive to preserve the natural gift of vision as we continue incorporate exemplary standards and the latest techniques into our care.

Conditions We Treat

Our department specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of the following conditions

Adnexal diseases (Chalazion, Dacryocystitis, Lid Abscess, Stye)

Cataract (Congenital, Senile, Traumatic)

Corneal Diseases


Ocular Infections (Cellulitis, Conjunctivitis)

Ocular Trauma

Refractive Errors

Retinal Diseases (Diabetes, Hypertensive Retinopathy, Vessel Occlusions, Vacuities)



Procedure and Treatments

Congenital Cataract Surgery

Chalazion Incision Curettage

Extracapsular Cataract Surgery

Foreign Body Removal

Intraocular Injections

Argon Laser

YAG Laser

Pterygium Excision

Retinal Surgery

Squint Surgery

Trauma Repair

Doctor’s Team

Dr. Muna Ahmad
Comprehensive Ophthalmology (adult)

Dr. Muna Ahmad

Comprehensive Ophthalmology (adult)
Date of Joining: 01/03/21

Muna Ahmad, MD, is a U.S. Board Certified Ophthalmologist, an Assistant Professor, and Head of Ophthalmology at Shalamar Hospital and Shalamar Medical and Dental School (SMDC). Her clinical practice focuses on anterior segment surgery, with expertise in Comprehensive Ophthalmology. Dr. Muna received her BA from William Smith College (USA) and MBBS from the Aga Khan University Medical College (Pakistan). After an Ophthalmology  Research Fellowship at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary (Harvard Medical School), she went on to complete her internship in Internal Medicine at Harvard’s Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. An Ophthalmology residency at Boston Medical Center furthered her resolve to focus on community-based eye care.  


Dr. Muna was selected to become an Assistant Professor at Tufts Medical Center and served as the Director of New England Eye Center (NEEC), Leominster, for 5 years. She successfully completed her tenure at Tufts/NEEC, at which point she felt the calling to participate in global ophthalmology. Having spent a part of her childhood in Pakistan, it was only natural for her to return to her roots. She served as a consultant ophthalmologist at the largest provider of free eye care in Pakistan, Layton Rahmatulla Benevolent Trust (LRBT).  


Her commitment to preventive eye care, streamlining healthcare delivery systems, and teaching led to a natural transition to Shalamar Hospital (and associated Shalamar Medical and Dental College, SMDC). After a year as a consultant ophthalmologist, Dr. Muna was selected as the Head of the Department of Ophthalmology in March 2022. She hopes to use this platform to provide high-quality, compassionate, and ethical care for our underprivileged communities. Her motto is “an eye saved is a future saved.”


Ahmed M, Foster CS. 2005. Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid. Essentials in Ophthalmology: Uveitis and Immunological Disorders. (Eds. Pleyer U, Mondino B). Springer. New York. pp 25-34



Anzaar, Cabrita F, Ahmed M, Foster CS. The frequency of other autoimmune disorders in patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid. Letter. Acta Ophthalmologica. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2011.02174.x PMID: 21595864



Lara-Castillo N, Zandi S, Nakao S, Ito Y, Noda K, She H, Ahmed M, Frimmel S, Ablonczy Z, Hafez-Moghadam A. Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Reduces Vascular Leakage and Choroidal Neovascularization. Am J Pathol 2009 Dec;175(6):2343- 2350. PMID: 19910509


Ahmed M, Gittinger JW. Optic Neuritis. Contemporary Ophthalmology. 2009 Sep;17(8)1-8. Ahmed M, Niffenegger, JH, Jakobiec FA, Ben-Arie-Weintrob Y, Gion N, Androudi S, Folberg R, Raizman MB, Margo CE, Smith ME, McLean IW, Caya JG, Foster CS. Diagnosis of limited ophthalmic Wegener granulomatosis: distinctive pathologic features with ANCA test confirmation. Int Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb;28(1):35-46. PMID: 17589807


Durrani K, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Adamantiades-Behcet disease: diagnosis and current concepts in management of ocular manifestations. Compr Ophthalmol Update. 2007 Jul-Aug;8(4):225-33. PMID: 17999836


Ahmed M and Foster CS. Steroid therapy for ocular inflammatory disease. Focal Points, American Academy of Ophthalmology 2006 Sep; 24;7:1-13. Paredes I, Ahmed M and Foster CS. Immunomodulatory therapy for Vogt- Koyanagi-Harada patients as first-line therapy. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2006 Apr;14(2):87-90. PMID: 16597537


Kiss S, Ahmed M, Letko E, Foster CS. Long term follow-up of patients with birdshot retinochoroidopathy treated with corticosteroid-sparing systemic immunomodulatory therapy. Ophthalmology. 2005 Jun;112(6):1066-71. PMID: 15936442


Parades I, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Diagnostic Evaluations to Guide Therapy for Adamantiades-Behcet’s Disease. Contemporary Ophthalmology 2005;4:1:1-1


Androudi S, Letko E, Meniconi M, Papadaki T, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Safety and efficacy of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for uveitic macular edema. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2005 Apr-Jun;13(2-3):205-12. PMID: 16019680


Androudi S, Ahmed M, Brazitikos P and Foster CS. Valsalva retinopathy: diagnostic challenges in a patient with pars planitis. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2005 Apr;83(2):256-7. PMID: 15799745


Androudi S, Ahmed M, Fiore T, Brazitikos and Foster CS. Combined pars plana vitrectomy and phacoemulsification to restore visual acuity in patients with chronic uveitis. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2005 Mar;31(3):472-8. PMID: 15811733


Topalkara A, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Highlights of Modern Diagnosis in Uveitis – Part 2: Useful imaging and Molecular Diagnostic Studies. Highlights of Ophthalmology, 2005, 33:2:17-19.


Ahmed M, Zein G, Khawaja F, Foster CS. Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid: pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2004 Nov;23(6):579- 92. PMID: 15388075


Ahmed M, Androudi S, Brazitikos P, Paredes I, Foster S. 360 degrees iris-ciliary body B-cell lymphoma masquerading as post-cataract uveitis. Semin Ophthalmol. 2004 Sep-Dec;19(3-4):127-9. PMID: 15590555


Perez VL, Chavala SH, Ahmed M, Chu D, Zafirakis P, Baltatzis S, Ocampo V and Foster CS. Ocular manifestations and concepts of systemic vasculitides. Surv Ophthalmol. 2004 Jul-Aug; 49(4):399-418. PMID: 15231396


Alam M, Akhtar YN, Ali SS, Ahmed M et al. Seasonal variation in bacterial pathogens isolated from stool samples in Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2003 Mar;53(3):125-9. PMID: 15712537

Dr Imran Basit
Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital
Dr. Nesr Farooq
Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital
Dr. Zubair Saleem
Dr. Zubair Saleem
Consultant Ophthalmologist, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital
Prof. Khalid Mahmood
Head of Department, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital