About Ophthalmology Department

Established in 1998, the Department of Ophthalmology at Shalamar Hospital provides diagnostic and treatment services to people suffering from a range of ocular disorders to prevent blindness and restore visual function.
We strive to preserve the natural gift of vision as we continue incorporate exemplary standards and the latest techniques into our care.

Conditions We Treat

Our department specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of the following conditions

Adnexal diseases (Chalazion, Dacryocystitis, Lid Abscess, Stye)

Cataract (Congenital, Senile, Traumatic)

Corneal Diseases


Ocular Infections (Cellulitis, Conjunctivitis)

Ocular Trauma

Refractive Errors

Retinal Diseases (Diabetes, Hypertensive Retinopathy, Vessel Occlusions, Vacuities)



Procedure and Treatments

Congenital Cataract Surgery

Chalazion Incision Curettage

Extracapsular Cataract Surgery

Foreign Body Removal

Intraocular Injections

Argon Laser

YAG Laser

Pterygium Excision

Retinal Surgery

Squint Surgery

Trauma Repair

Doctor’s Team

Dr. Muna Ahmad
Comprehensive Ophthalmology (adult)

Dr. Muna Ahmad

Comprehensive Ophthalmology (adult)
Date of Joining: 01/03/21

Dr.  Muna Ahmad is an Ophthalmologist at Shalamar Hospital.  She is a Diplomate of the American Board of Ophthalmology. She is also a member of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Dr. Muna Ahmad attended William Smith College in USA for her pre-medical Bachelor’s degree. She then went on to complete her medical degree from Aga Khan Medical College in 2002. There she earned high honours in several fields. After graduation, she successfully completed a research fellowship in Ophthalmology at Harvard University which led to many publications in internationally renowned medical journals. Dr. Muna Ahmad went on to complete her internship at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (a Harvard teaching hospital) after which she joined Boston University’s rigorous training program in the Ophthalmology. After graduation, Dr. Ahmad joined New England Eye Center (NEEC) as Director of the NEEC, Leominster clinic. After almost 5 years in this role, she moved to Pakistan with the goal of giving back to the underserved populations in Pakistan. She spent the last year working at LRBT as an eye surgeon and also co-supervised resident education.  Dr. Muna Ahmad has joined the Department of Ophthalmology at Shalamar Hospital as an Assistant Professor where she will conduct clinics, surgery and participate in medical education.


Ahmed M, Foster CS. 2005. Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid. Essentials in Ophthalmology: Uveitis and Immunological Disorders. (Eds. Pleyer U, Mondino B). Springer. New York. pp 25-34



Anzaar, Cabrita F, Ahmed M, Foster CS. The frequency of other autoimmune disorders in patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid. Letter. Acta Ophthalmologica. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2011.02174.x PMID: 21595864



Lara-Castillo N, Zandi S, Nakao S, Ito Y, Noda K, She H, Ahmed M, Frimmel S, Ablonczy Z, Hafez-Moghadam A. Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Reduces Vascular Leakage and Choroidal Neovascularization. Am J Pathol 2009 Dec;175(6):2343- 2350. PMID: 19910509


Ahmed M, Gittinger JW. Optic Neuritis. Contemporary Ophthalmology. 2009 Sep;17(8)1-8. Ahmed M, Niffenegger, JH, Jakobiec FA, Ben-Arie-Weintrob Y, Gion N, Androudi S, Folberg R, Raizman MB, Margo CE, Smith ME, McLean IW, Caya JG, Foster CS. Diagnosis of limited ophthalmic Wegener granulomatosis: distinctive pathologic features with ANCA test confirmation. Int Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb;28(1):35-46. PMID: 17589807


Durrani K, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Adamantiades-Behcet disease: diagnosis and current concepts in management of ocular manifestations. Compr Ophthalmol Update. 2007 Jul-Aug;8(4):225-33. PMID: 17999836


Ahmed M and Foster CS. Steroid therapy for ocular inflammatory disease. Focal Points, American Academy of Ophthalmology 2006 Sep; 24;7:1-13. Paredes I, Ahmed M and Foster CS. Immunomodulatory therapy for Vogt- Koyanagi-Harada patients as first-line therapy. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2006 Apr;14(2):87-90. PMID: 16597537


Kiss S, Ahmed M, Letko E, Foster CS. Long term follow-up of patients with birdshot retinochoroidopathy treated with corticosteroid-sparing systemic immunomodulatory therapy. Ophthalmology. 2005 Jun;112(6):1066-71. PMID: 15936442


Parades I, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Diagnostic Evaluations to Guide Therapy for Adamantiades-Behcet’s Disease. Contemporary Ophthalmology 2005;4:1:1-1


Androudi S, Letko E, Meniconi M, Papadaki T, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Safety and efficacy of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for uveitic macular edema. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2005 Apr-Jun;13(2-3):205-12. PMID: 16019680


Androudi S, Ahmed M, Brazitikos P and Foster CS. Valsalva retinopathy: diagnostic challenges in a patient with pars planitis. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2005 Apr;83(2):256-7. PMID: 15799745


Androudi S, Ahmed M, Fiore T, Brazitikos and Foster CS. Combined pars plana vitrectomy and phacoemulsification to restore visual acuity in patients with chronic uveitis. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2005 Mar;31(3):472-8. PMID: 15811733


Topalkara A, Ahmed M, Foster CS. Highlights of Modern Diagnosis in Uveitis – Part 2: Useful imaging and Molecular Diagnostic Studies. Highlights of Ophthalmology, 2005, 33:2:17-19.


Ahmed M, Zein G, Khawaja F, Foster CS. Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid: pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2004 Nov;23(6):579- 92. PMID: 15388075


Ahmed M, Androudi S, Brazitikos P, Paredes I, Foster S. 360 degrees iris-ciliary body B-cell lymphoma masquerading as post-cataract uveitis. Semin Ophthalmol. 2004 Sep-Dec;19(3-4):127-9. PMID: 15590555


Perez VL, Chavala SH, Ahmed M, Chu D, Zafirakis P, Baltatzis S, Ocampo V and Foster CS. Ocular manifestations and concepts of systemic vasculitides. Surv Ophthalmol. 2004 Jul-Aug; 49(4):399-418. PMID: 15231396


Alam M, Akhtar YN, Ali SS, Ahmed M et al. Seasonal variation in bacterial pathogens isolated from stool samples in Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2003 Mar;53(3):125-9. PMID: 15712537

Dr Imran Basit
Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital
Dr. Nesr Farooq
Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital
Dr. Zubair Saleem
Dr. Zubair Saleem
Consultant Ophthalmologist, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital
Prof. Khalid Mahmood
Head of Department, Department of Ophthalmology, Shalamar Hospital